What is Schizophrenic What is Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by exacerbation and sedation.
Although schizophrenia is a brain disease such as migraine or epilepsy, environmental, psychological and social factors also play a role in the emergence of the disease.
According to other psychiatric disorders, schizophrenia may lead to more serious losses in occupational and social functioning of the individual.
What are the types of Schizophrenia?
1- Paranoid schizophrenia
2- Hebephrenic schizophrenia
3- Catatonic schizophrenia
4- Undifferentiated schizophrenia
5- Residual schizophrenia
6- Unspecified schizophrenia
What are the symptoms of schizophrenia?
Different signs and symptoms come to the fore during the exacerbation and relapse periods of schizophrenia.
During the exacerbation period, especially thought and perception disorders come to the fore. For example, one may believe that the people around him are hostile to, watched, talked about, or, something turned around Örneğin, which he did not fully understand. This thought disorder is defined as “delirium” if it is unshakeable and invariably strong.
The attitude of the person towards his / her environment is also affected by these erroneous ideas. Like fear or anger, avoiding people or being belligerent. The person may be able to perceive them as though there is no sound, no image. If he responds aloud to these hallucinations, he may feel externally to speak to himself.
After the symptoms of schizophrenia have subsided, we are reluctant to do daily work, we encounter during the shopping or going from one place to another, we have difficulties in dealing with some simple problems, such as the difficulties in coping with life in general can be seen as situations. The patient may not be able to fulfill his responsibilities within the home.
This is often seen as laziness or even sassiness by relatives.
However, these are the basic symptoms of schizophrenia. In most patients, the amount of speech decreased and self-care decreased. In conclusion, we can say that schizophrenia can disrupt many mental functions such as thinking, understanding, making jokes, solving problems, and negatively affecting one’s work life and the student’s school success and relations with the whole environment.
What age is schizophrenia most common?
Schizophrenia usually begins at a young age, often in the age of 18-25. It is also possible to expand this range to 15-45 years of age. However, the early symptoms of the disease occur months or even years ago. It is known as a sneaky beginning and starting from childhood. The sooner he starts, the harder he’il recover.
Drug therapy is the first choice of treatment in schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. Secondly, what is the disease and how to deal with it is explained to the patients with psychotherapy. Psychotherapy helps the patient recover with the drugs used. Psychotherapy is a must-have treatment.
How is schizophrenia diagnosed?
It is not enough to evaluate the patient’s recent condition to make a diagnosis. Since the symptoms of many psychiatric disorders overlap each other, being in a hurry to diagnose causes an erroneous result. Diagnosis is based on the evaluation of psychological testing results of a team of psychiatrists, examination, family interview. It is appropriate to monitor the patient for 6 months to test the validity of the diagnosis.
Can schizophrenia be treated?
Schizophrenia is a treatable disease. This disease is chronic disease such as diabetes, asthma or high blood pressure. Schizophrenics follow the recommendations of their physicians, contact with the treatment team, does not stop the relationship, if the treatment and if supported with psychotherapy, work in a job appropriate to the situation, it will be possible to develop relations with the environment.
Is schizophrenia fully recovered?
The causes and symptoms of
schizophrenia vary from patient to patient, and the course of the disease varies. Nearly or almost complete improvement is approximately 1/5 of patients. Again, a group of close to 1/3 of moderate regression is possible to live without help. However, 40-60% of patients have the ability to lose their ability to survive or continue on their own.