What is Epilepsy Disease in 10 Questions?
We have written epilepsy in 10 entry. Generally, how the disease goes on is in our article.
1) What is epilepsy?
The functional unit of the brain is neurons (nerve cell). Transmission in the cell is performed electrically along the nerve fiber. This stimulation is regulated by ions that are charged with electricity such as sodium, potassium and chlorine. Neurons need to be stimulated as much as necessary, and their suppressions require a fine set of settings. All this adjustment (stimulation, suppression, excitation, inhibition) can also be done by electrical and chemical means. The deterioration of this balance is roughly the underlying factor underlying epilepsy.
2) What are the reasons?
Damage in birth, central nervous system infections (meningitis, etc.) are important reasons. In more advanced ages, brain tumors, cerebrovascular diseases, head trauma are among the important reasons.
Common epilepsies usually begin at a young age and form only part of the epilepsies.
3) Is it a genetic disease?
Epilepsy shows genetic features in a small proportion of patients.
4) How is the appearance of seizures?
The most known and the most terrifying is the seizure that we can describe as the great seizure. The patient suddenly falls to the ground, the whole body contractes and flakes. It is unconscious. In the meantime you can bite your tongue. Most epilepsy seizures do not last longer than 1-2 minutes. After such a seizure, however, the patient cannot recover and sleep for a long time. Headache, muscle pain can live. Only 10-20 sec. There may be seizures in the form of seizures as well as seizures in the form of instant throws in the arms or legs. Some diving episodes may not be noticed by the parent and are noticed by the teacher due to a drop in school achievement.
5) How is the diagnosis made?
The diagnosis of epilepsy is made with a good seizure description taken from the relatives of the patients who observe the patients and seizures. Ideal physician sees the seizure. However, it is often not possible for the physician to see random recurrent seizures. At this point, family members who watch the seizures have an important role. The seizure must be well described from beginning to end. The most basic research method used in the diagnosis of epilepsy is electroencephalography (EEG). It shows us the activity and the changes that occur in the pathological bioelectric activities that occur occasionally in different parts of the brain. Brain MRI is a useful method to investigate the causes of epilepsy.
6) Can it be treated?
Understanding the cause of the epilepsy and its mechanisms can provide significant improvements in treatment. Although epilepsy is considered a treatable disease, treatment deficiencies are not completely resolved. Epilepsy treatment is also done by keeping the existing drugs regularly and for many years. The disease has its own natural course and we do not make a significant contribution to this course today. With the drugs used in the treatment of epilepsy, epilepsy seizures can be controlled by 50-80 percent. Once seizures are controlled, drugs are used regularly for at least two years. The end of this period is unclear. Sometimes medication may be discontinued after two years, but sometimes lifelong treatment may be required. Naturally, side effects may occur as a result of chronic drug treatment. Although serious side effects are uncommon, treatment-related side effects should also be closely related.
7) What to do in crisis?
If a relative is suffering from epileptic seizures, first calm down. Remove harmful objects. Goggles should be removed, cutter, piercing tools should be removed, the tie should be loosened, placed in a position to prevent collision with the surrounding objects. Trying to open your mouth, trying to open your teeth does not work, and may cause additional damage to the patient. At the end of the seizure, blood and saliva may accumulate in the patient’s mouth and the patient will begin to breathe. It is appropriate to lay the patient on the side in order to prevent problems. As it is seen, the patient is not over-treated. No cold water is poured on it. The onions aren’t smelly. Most epilepsy seizures end in minutes. The patient starts to sleep. If the seizure lasts longer than expected and ends and ends again, it is an emergency and requires the patient to be taken to hospital.
8) How is the view of
Education of the community in relation to the disease is perhaps the most important need of epilepsy patients. Unemployment, unmarriedness, embarrassment due to seizures and social withdrawal are frequent problems.
9) Is it true marry with the patient with epilepsy?
Epilepsy patients have some difficulties in terms of marriage, but the disease does not prevent marriage.
10) Which jobs should they work for?
Patients with epilepsy can work. Of course, they must avoid some dangerous work. Epilepsy of a person